19. Traditional Agricultural Expertise
India is the cradle for Agriculture. Knowledge of Agriculture and its evolution as Agricultural Science can be traced from Rig Veda. It reveals to us how one has to prepare oneself for ploughing the fields and the ritual involved in it.
Rig Veda extols Sun not only as God, but also recognizes Sun as the source of light, for all the living beings. It explains the water cycle, how water evaporates because of sunlight and how these vapours become clouds and reach the earth as rains.
At various instances, RigVeda gives us the knowledge of Green skills and Cattle Science that are required by a farmer.
Famous Indian Agricultural Science Texts:
Many ancient Indian texts had described various methods of agriculture, ploughing, seed cultivation, water storage, varieties of soil, measurement of rainfall, storage of crop yield etc. The famous texts are being listed below:
|2.||Artha Sastra||Kautilya||4th century BC|
|3.||Krishi Parasara||Parasara||1st century BC|
|5.||Bhrhat-samhita||Varahamihira||5th century AD|
|6.||Krishisukta||Kashyapa||9th century AD|
|7.||Vriksha Ayurveda||Surapala||10th century AD|
|8.||Manasonullasa||Someswara||11th century AD|
|9.||Upavana vinoda||Sarangadhara||13th century AD|