35. Indian Town Planning Skills
When buildings of ancient India displayed beauty, towns of ancient India enhanced the beauty multifold. Five thousand years ago towns and cities of ancient India flourished with majesty and grandeur.
Broad roadways, streets running from North to South or East to West. With well-planned sectors of residential zones, underground drainage systems, centrally located temple square are typical of Indian style of town planning.
Kushinagar was the city of ninth century BC. Buildings of this city had the cylindrical structures erected on its top to allow free flow of air and light. These structures stand today to the astonishment of world.
Great bath, drainage systems, well planned dwelling places of Mohan-jo-daro create awe and wonder within us. Mortar coating appears on the ruined walls of this ancient city. The quality and sizes of bricks used for construction are visible to us even today. They reflect the height of engineering excellence of our ancestors.
There are many technical texts like Vaastu Sastra in Sanskrit that describe the methods of planning and building towns and cities.
Viswa karma in his vaastu sastra mentions about the techniques of constructing ghat roads, culverts and plain roads.
Kapila Vatsyayana had written a treatise called Mayamatam-Kalamula Sastram wherein he describes the swastika pattern of town planning, grid pattern of town planning and radial pattern of town planning.
Most of the Indian towns were built in the form of perfect squares or concentric circles with temple being located at the central position, along with formation of royal roads on the four sides of the temple.