71. Ancient Indian Libraries

Indian manuscripts reveal ancient India's concern the documentation. Except Vedas all the knowledge of eternal India was meticulously documented and preserved.

Indian libraries were called as "Grathalaya", "Pustak Bhandar", or "Saraswati Bhandar" (Place where the Goddess of learning Saraswati resides).

There existed three kinds of libraries in India,

1. Takshila, Nalanda & Kasi - Universities and centers of learning.
2. King's palaces.
3. Temples of India.

During the seventh century BC, Takshila, attracted students from all over the world and had a huge collection of various texts, not only of Sanskrit, but also of other world languages.

Nalanda flourished as a world-renowned University between fifth century AD and twelfth century AD. When Nalanda was ransacked by the Muslim invader Bhakthiyar Kilji in 1194 AD, its greatest wealth the "Books of learning" was burnt and historians noted that the flames of Nalanda burnt unabated for three months. It was estimated that 10 lakh manuscripts would have been burnt during the brutal arson. With this single incidence India lost its seat of brilliance, world lost the wealth of that brutal arson.

During the past one thousand years of foreign rule, ancient Indian manuscripts were stolen, robbed, burnt and destroyed by the Western and Islamic invaders. Many manuscripts had reached China and Tibet through Buddhist monks during those dark ages.

The height of mockery is, after plundering India's wealth of knowledge, Indians are ridiculed by the western scholars for not documenting its knowledge, if the Indian Libraries were saved from destruction, the world would have not lost the ancient knowledge that India (alone) possessed.

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