67. Non-Resident Indians - Scientists & Intellectuals

Swami Vivekananda prophetically said "as many Indians go to other countries, so rapid shall India develop."

Today, around two crore, non-resident Indians, who went to various countries had emerged successful in their pursuits and are making India feel proud.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was an American Astrophysicist who was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics (shared with William Alfred Fowler) for his theoretical work on the structure and evolution of stars

He was born in Lahore (then India) on October 19th 1910. He was a professor in Astro physics in the University of Chicago. Chandrasekhar was a nephew of Nobel-prize winning physicist C. V. Raman.

He was highly revered personality among the scientists of NASA. In 1999, NASA named the third of its four "Great Observatories" after Chandrasekhar. The Chandra X-ray Observatory was launched and developed by Space Shuttle Columbia on July 23, 1999.

The Asteroid 1958 Chandra is also named after Chandrasekhar. Chandrasekhar passed away in the year 1995.

  

Amartya Sen was born on November 3, 1933 in Shantiniketan, Kolkata, India. In the year 1998 he was awarded Nobel Prize for Economics for his contribution on Human Development Theory & Welfare Economics.

  

Har Gobind Khurana is a Nobel Prize laureate and a Molecular Biologist from the Punjab. He was born in the year 1922. He is a professor of Biology and Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, America. Khurana was awarded the 1968 Nobel Prize in Medicine (together with Robert W. Holley and Marshall Warren Nirenberg) for his work on the interpretation of the genetic code and its function in Protein synthesis. Khurana also received the U.S. National Medal of Science in 1987.

V. S. Naipaul, is a British novelist of Indian origin, born in the island of Trinidad. He was awarded Nobel Prize in the year 2001 for his contributions in the field of Literature. He had written many books on world civilizations, India's cultural uniqueness and history.

Raj Reddy hails from Andhra Pradesh. He is considered to be a genius and is the most revered personality in the field of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics. He is instrumental in establishing Carnegie Mellon Robotics Institute. In the year 1994, he had received the highest award for excellence in computer science called "Turning award". Indian government had honoured him with Padma Bhushan in the year 2001. French Government had honoured him with the highest civilian award for his contributions in the year 1994. He received the 2006 Vannevar Bush Award given by the National Science Board, America. He is also an advisor to many governments in the fields of Science and Technology.

Vinod Dham The creator of Intell Pentium chip, today's most popular technology of personal computer's processor. He graduated from Delhi University in the year 1971 and completed his master's degree from Cinncennati University, USA in 1975 and became successful in the domain of micro electronics and semi conductor industry. He worked with personal computer processor producing giants like AMD and Intell.


 

Balamurali Ambati He is a child prodigy of Indian origin settled in USA. He completed his degree at the age of 13 and created a world record by becoming the youngest doctor at the age of 17. Today he is working at Harvard and is doing research in ophthalmology. He and his brother together had written a book on AIDS.

C. S. Kumar Patil An eminent scientist who had invented the Laser technology based on carbon dioxide. This technology is being used in the field of surgery immensely. He was honoured by the then President of United States Mr. Bill Clinton with USA's highest award "National Medal of Science" for excellence in the fields of science and engineering in the year 1996.

Dr. Narendra Singh He hails from Punjab. He has studied in England and now stays in USA. He is called father of Fibre Optics. Today Fibre Optic Technology is playing a vital role in the fields of telecommunications, Medicine, Defence and IT. Forbes magazine in its issue on November 2, 1999 has ranked him as the seventh important technology innovator and businessman in the world.

Mani Bhaumik is a reputed Physicist of Indian origin, hailing from Bengal, who helped to develop the first Excimer laser at the University of California. This is the kind of laser technology that would eventually eliminate glasses or contact lenses in many requiring vision correction. The surgical procedure takes less than a minute and is spreading like wildfire today. He worked under the guidance of eminent Indian scientist Sayonara Nath Bose. Later he earned his Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. His biography, Mani the Jewel, is a current bestseller in Bengal.

George Sudarshan hails from the state of Kerala; studied in Chennai; established himself as eminent scientist at New York, USA. His extensive research in the field of Quantum optics had earned him many laurels. His theories, his research submissions, in this domain had been appreciated by many scientists worldwide. He had propounded the subatomic particles called "tachyons" that travel faster than light. He had been awarded Padma Vibhushan in the year 2007 by the Government of India.

Neal Kumar Katyal is a Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law School. Katyal was born in America to immigrant parents. He was named "the Lawyer of the Year" by Lawyers USA for 2006, Runner Up for Lawyer of the Year by National Law Magazine.

Anita Goyal MIT's technology review magazine had recognized Anita Goyal high-tech-innovator under 35 years, who heads the institution called "Nanobiosym"

Narasimha Chari NRI who had contributed for wireless meshnet technology working standards. He owns the company called Troops network. MIT's review magazine had ranked him among less than 35 years top technology innovators.

Adam Rashid He is an Aeronautical engineer. He had invented, "Pulsed Detonation Engines". These engines had drastically reduced the intake of fuel in Aero-Engines.

Saladityasen Gupta He is working as associate professor in Harward University's medical school. He had revolutionized the Chemo Therapy of cancer treatment. This became possible because of invention of the instrument called Nanocell.

Vikram Sheel Kumar He is the youngest scientist of Indian origin, who had received the prestigious American award "Toyo". MIT magazine had recognized him as the high technology innovator (less than 35 years) for his marvelous contributions in the field of Bio-technology.


Election to the National Academy of Engineering in USA is among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer. Academy membership honours those, who have made outstanding contributions to engineering research, practice, or education, including, significant contributions to the engineering literature. There are many Indians who had become fellows of National Academy of Engineering. Here is the list of Indians who had been honoured with this distinction for the years 2004 & 2005.

Year Name & Designation Contribution
2005 Subhash Mahajan, chairman, department of chemical and materials engineering, Arizona State University. For advancing our understanding of structure-property relationships in semiconductors, magnetic materials, and materials for lightwave communication.
Arunava Majumdar, He is a Almy and Agnes Maynard Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkley For contributions to Nano-scale Thermal Engineering and Molecular Nano-mechanics.
R. Shankar Nair, senior vice president, Teng & Associates, Chicago. For contributions to the art and Science of Engineering through the design of innovative bridges and building structures.
Raja V. Ramani, Professor Emeritus, Mining and Geo-environmental engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park. For improvements in the health and safety of miners through a better understanding of the nature and control of airborne particals.
2004 Rakesh K. Jain, director, Edwin L. Steele Laboratory, Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston For the integration of Bio-Engineering with Tumour Biology and Imaging Gene Expression and functions in Vivo for drug delivery in tumours.
Pradman P. Kaul, chairman and chief executive officer, Hughes Network Systems. Germantown, Md. For leadership in the development of satellite communication networks.
Kishor C. Mehta, P. W. Horn Professor of Civil Engineering and Director, Wind Engineering Research Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock. For systematic studies of structural damage caused by windstorms and leadership in the development of structural design standards for winds loads.
Rajagopal S. Raghavan, senior staff associate (retired), Phillips Petroleum Co., Tulsa, Okla. For pioneering contributions to the interpretation of pressure data in wells to improve the Definition, Engineering and Production of complex oil and gas reservoirs.
Shivaji Sircar, professor of practice, chemical engineering department, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa. For contributions to the fundamental science and Technology of adsorption separations and their applications in process industries.
Vijay Vittal, Harpole Professor, department of Electrical and computer engineering, Iowa State University, Ames For improvements in real-time control and dynamic security assessment for electric power systems.
Darsh T. Wasan, vice president and Motorola Chair, department of international affairs, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago For pioneering research, inspirational teaching, and the development of novel technology in colloidal processing and Interfacial rheology.
The names mentioned above are not all inclusive and there are many un-sung heroes and heroines who are doing their best.


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