90. Indian Governing Principles Through Ages
The sciences of management, administration and governance were evolved into major subjects of learning, ages ago in India.
Takshasila, an ancient Indian university, was the major centre for mastering political science. Acharya Chanakya was a renowned political scholar of that famed university. His treatise still remains to us as the source of authority to teach us administration principles. Many kings, ministers and teachers, would come to such universities for studying the science of governance.
Valmiki Ramayana - Ayodhya Kanda
Lord Rama teaches the secrets of administration & governing principles to his brother king Bharatha, when the latter meets the former in the forest. Sage Valmiki had wonderfully composed 100 verses, which reveal the knowledge of good Governance.
Economics & Administration from Mahabharata
In the Mahabharata, we find an interesting conversation between King Yudhishtira (Dharma Raja) and Grand seer Bhishma.
Management Philosophy in Bhagvad Gita
Bhagvad Gita, is considered to be the essence of Indian philosophy, which was revealed to Arjuna by Lord Krishna on the battle field, when the former went into depression and declared to withdraw himself from waging the war.
Great western thinkers, writers and scientists are fascinated by the essence of the Gita. Millions of Indians chant the Gita verses everyday. Many scholars have written commentaries on the Gita. Many Gurus give Gita discourses as thousand listen and comprehend it.
Modern management gurus are using the Gita verses to explain the management concepts.
Kautilya's Artha Sastra - Highlights of Foreign Policy
Kautilya had explained in his treatise called "Artha Sastra" on various aspects like administration, politics, governance, foreign policy & others. Though written in the 4th century BC, it contains the advanced management techniques. It contains fifteen chapters (adhikarans).
The beauty of Artha Sastra is that, it also deals with agriculture, metallurgy, measuring the rainfall, business cartels, ports management, ways & means of controlling the armies & a few war strategies etc. It reflects the political maturity of ancient Indians.